Qualified Professorship of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedural Law
Criminal law regulates the state’s claim against the citizen. It is a dogmatic and institutionally independent sub-area of public law. Function and task of criminal law is the protection of legal rights. The legislator’s establishment of punishable behavioural norms is implemented in the expectation that legal rights can be protected by controlling citizens’ behaviour. The purpose of substantive criminal law, which is to be found not only in the Criminal Code but also, for instance, in the GmbHG or the BetrVG, is to select acts subject to criminal penalty, to typify these and to determine a system of sanctions. On the other hand, according to traditional understanding, criminal procedure law has a service function in terms of law enforcement. This is understood to mean that criminal procedure law can be described as the “bridge” between substantive law and real life. However, criminal procedure law is actually also deemed to have normative automony. One example is the exclusion of improperly-obtained evidence which is contrary to the implementation of substantive law. Teaching aim is to impart the required knowledge about all three areas of law.
In teaching, emphasis is placed on the examination-relevant norms of the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure. In research, various areas of the law of supplementary penalties are also included.