Renting in Germany
- You will be renting as a private person and sign a legal renting contract under German tenancy laws.
- Apartments in Germany generally come unfurnished: this means there is no kitchen facilities (Einbauküche = built-in kitchen), built-in wardrobes, not even light bulbs. Do not expect washing machines or dryers in the basement – Germans tend to bring them. Furnished apartments are an exception to the rule and have higher costs.
Deposit - Kaution
Deposit or Kaution (Ka, Kt and Kaut)
Most landlords ask for a "security deposit" that you must lay down over and above your rent. The deposit can not be used as the last rent!!!!!
At departure the flat will be inspected and in case something is damaged, parts of your deposit will stay with the landlord to repair the damages.
To retrieve your deposit back completely you have to clean the place regularly and to be very careful with the equipment.
In case you damage something it is better to tell in advance to give the landlord chance to look for the cheapest provider of service or object that to tell at checkout.
Rent composition is a bit tricky – (electricity or phone are f.i. arranged and paid independantly by the tenant). Normally your rent consists of the following:
Kaltmiete (KM) – (flat cold) rooms only (no matter if furnished or not) and
Nebenkosten (NK) (include a variety of expenditures and general costs for renting) garbage disposal, water in – water out, gas, electricity for halls and garage doors, house insurances, a.s.o)
Expenditures for water and heating are most often an anticipation of the costs (Vorauszahlung). After you move out the “real” consumption will be read from the meters. The difference between the calculated expenditures and the spent ones will be confronted with your deposit. Especially with large companies this procedure can take up to one year and you will have to wait for the deposit to be returned.
Best for you is if expanditures for water and heating are fixed and will NOT be read after your departure. Even if fixed costs are a bit higher than usual you still win. Germans are used to safe water, heating and electricity – you are not and will most often loose in the end
Warmmiete (WM) (flat including heating) usually the sum of Kaltmiete and Nebenkosten. This is how much you will pay per month without electricity.
How to pay rent
- In Germany you pay the full month no matter when you arrive. A month is defined by calendar and not by the day of your arrival: thus if you arrive on the 22nd the full month is not to the next 22nd.
- You are required to pay on the first 3 days of the month. Do not wait for your landlord to approach you - here it is considered the tenant's duty to come with the rent.
- At arrival you are required to pay your deposit and the first month’s rent either in cash or transfer.
- If you pay cash get sure your landlord gives you a receipt.